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Fire Stopping & Passive Fire Protection FAQ

Answers to commonly asked customer questions about fire stopping, passive fire protection, fire doors or intumescent paint.

  /  Fire Stopping & Passive Fire Protection FAQ

What services does Flame Stop supply?

Flame Stop provide a comprehensive service from consultation to certification of works. Listed below are the service we provide.

  • Fire Stopping Consultation & Tender Preparation
  • Passive Fire Protection
  • Fire Door Upgrade Works
  • Intumescent Coatings
  • Fire / Smoke Dampers
  • Fire Upgrade Works

Do Flame Stop sell fire stopping materials?

No, we do not sell fire stopping materials. Our service is to supply and fit.

What sectors / industries does Flame Stop work in?

  • Care Facilities
  • Commercial Buildings
  • IT Facilities
  • Hospitality
  • Management Facilities
  • Manufacturing Plants
  • Residential Properties
  • Educational Facilities

Do Flame Stop supply a certified service?

Yes, Flame Stop provide a certified service. Certs will be issued to clients upon completion of project. Flame Stop are 3rd party accredited in Fire stopping penetrations, intumescent paint, Fire door installation & Maintenance.

Does Flame Stop provide a fire stopping service nationwide?

Yes, Flame Stop provides fire stopping services throughout Ireland.

Does Flame Stop provide a fire stopping service Internationally?

Yes, Flame Stop have completed projects in the United Kingdom, Netherlands and Sweden. Do not hesitate to contact us.

How can I pay for the service provided by Flame Stop?

Flame Stop accepts payment for services provided by cheque, bank transfer or direct debit. Flame Stop cannot facilitate card payments or cash payments.

Passive Fire Protection

What is Passive Fire Protection?

Passive fire protection, also sometimes defined as ‘built-in’ fire protection, are those components, materials & systems that go to make up or sit within the fabric of a building.

Is Fire Stopping required by law?

YES, fire stopping is required by law. Legislation – Building Regulations 2006 – Technical Guidance Document B – Fire Safety.

Can fire stopping be retro-fitted to my existing building?

Yes. It is a very practical way of sealing compartments of your building and can be done area by area.

Can you trade while fire stopping is being installed in your business?

With minimal disruption you can continue to trade. We may only need access to part of your building. During our site survey and fire stopping consultation, this can be discussed.

Are residential properties suitable for fire stopping to be installed?

Yes, residential properties are suitable for fire stopping. Generally, we work in large commercial buildings but do not hesitate to contact us for any fire stopping needs.

What is the role of Compartmentalisation within a building facing a Fire?

The spread of fire within a building can be restricted by sub-dividing it into compartments separated from one another by walls and/or floors of fire-resisting construction.

The object is twofold:

  1. To prevent rapid fire spread which could trap occupants of the building; and
  2. To reduce the chance of fires becoming large, on the basis that large fires are more dangerous, not only to occupants but to people in the vicinity of the building.

From A Compartment Wall How Far Should My Services Be Supported?

Generally, it is assumed that services should be supported as per the fire test, typically between 200mm and 500mm away from the compartment.

There is a fire damper in the same openings as other services, how can this be fire stopped?

As ducts and dampers are tested to a different standard to cables, pipes etc. they should therefore be separated from other services and installed into their own openings.

Do Flame Stop use unique identification tags?

Yes, Flame Stop Ltd use unique identifier tags on every individual component of fire stopping installed. This is then photographed, the location is recorded and uploaded using a mobile device in real-time on our BORIS system.

Once a project is completed, we use our BORIS system to generate a worksheet detailing all works completed, the location of the work and photographic evidence of completed work including unique identifier tag. Giving our clients a fully transparent service.

Fire Doors

What is the difference between FD30 and FD30s, FD60 and FD60s?

The ‘s’ in FD30s and FD60s indicated that a fire door also has a smoke seal fitted. This is a fire door that offers protection against fires and smoke.

How often do fire doors need to be inspection in Ireland?

Fire doors should be visually inspected on a regular basis by the building managers/competent person, particularly in busy areas.

Fire doors should be professionally inspected by a competent person trained to do so (preferable with 3rd party accreditation) at a minimum every 6 month.

Should fire doors be installed by an accredited installer?

Fire doors should be installed by a 3rd party accredited fire door installation company with installers trained in the proper installation of a fire door.

Are all fire doors required to be self-closing?

Fire doors must be fitted with automatic self-closing devices that can close the door from any angle unless they have a Fire Door Keep Locked sign on them. An open fire door offers no fire protection.

What is the difference between an Intumescent Seals and Smoke Seals?

An intumescent seal is designed to expand with the presence of heat. This then fills the gap between the fire door and the door frame. The smoke seal is only designed to prevent the spread of cold smoke until the intumescent seal reacts to the fire & expands.

Most seals are combined fire and smoke seals, designed to inhibit the spread of fire and smoke.

Who can carry out maintenance to existing fire doors?

A company with 3rd party certification for the activity of taking a fire resistant doorset that needs adjustment and / or has minor to moderate damage, and to repair or maintain it, in such a way as to restore the fire resistance performance to what it was before the damage occurred or the doorset went out of tolerance.

What gaps tolerances that are permitted around fire doors?

The gap between the door leaf and door frame must be as per the fire test report for said door. In general, the gap should be between 2-4mm.

What parts of my fire doors should be inspected?

Below are the main components on a fire door which can check for damage by yourself between your accredited fire door inspections.

  • Doorleaf – Edge condition, door gaps, Bowed or twisted, Leaf thickness.
  • Doorframe – Thickness, Securely Fixed, Architrave Condition, Material.
  • Seals – Overall condition, Size.
  • Hardware – Hinge condition, lock/latch operation, Door Closer, Hold open device.
  • Glazing – Glass Condition, Glass type.

Intumescent paint

What type of intumescent paint coating products should I be using?

There are various intumescent coating products which are designed to excel in different circumstances, so selecting the right one for your project requirements is essential. This is a highly specialized field though and an accredited intumescent coating system contractor should be consulted.

How is an intumescent paint coating system applied?

Intumescent systems are applied using airless spray equipment. Some smaller areas may be hand applied.

What types of primer can be applied before an intumescent paint coating?

Only approved primers may be applied prior to an intumescent coating. Check the manufacturer’s approved primers list for compatibility or, alternatively, contact the manufacturer.

Can the intumescent paint coatings be applied to galvanized steel?

Yes, intumescent coating systems can be applied to galvanised steel but the steel substrate first requires a special primer over the galvanisation before the intumescent is applied. Contact the product manufacturer for specific details.

Can any top coat be applied over intumescent paint coatings?

Only approved top coats can be applied over intumescent coatings. Contact the coating manufacturer – or visit their website – for a list of approved top coats for the coating in use

What fire resistance level can intumescent paint coating systems achieve?

Some intumescent coating systems can achieve up to 120 minutes fire rating. This will all depend on the mass of the steel member/s to be coated and the load the members are supporting. The product manufacturer can help determine what thickness you need to achieve the required Fire Rating Loadings.

Can intumescent paint achieve integrity (E) & insulation (I) fire rating for structural steel?

Generally intumescent paint for structural steel can only achieve the fire protection for Integrity (E) – structural adequacy.

How much does an intumescent paint coating system cost per square metre?

The intumescent coating thickness is calculated based Fire Rating required, steel geometry and weight as well as what type of load it is supporting. It is therefore impossible to provide a general square metre rate as it is different for every member. Please contact us to discuss the details of your job.

Who provides the certification for the fire protection at the end of a project?

Flame Stop Ltd are a 3rd party certified applicator of intumescent paint and provide a certificate of compliance for the intumescent coating system and its application.

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